How do I refresh my browser or cycle through tabs without using my mouse or touch pad? Its good to have these shortcuts at your fingertips when you are working on the web everyday or even if you are just want a faster web experience. Here is the breakdown of the essential keyboard shortcuts for the most popular web browsers.

Google Chrome

Tabs and windows

Shortcut Action
Ctrl+N Open a new window
Ctrl+Shift+N Open a new window in incognito mode
Ctrl+T Open a new tab
Ctrl+O Open a file in the browser
Ctrl+Shift+Q (twice) Sign out of your Google Account on Chrome OS
Ctrl+W Close the current tab
Ctrl+Shift+W Close the current window
Ctrl+Shift+T Reopen the last tab you’ve closed. Google Chrome remembers the last 10 tabs you’ve closed.
Ctrl+1 through Ctrl+8 Go to the tab at the specified position in the window
Ctrl+9 Go to the last tab in the window
Alt+1 through Alt+8 Activate launcher items 1-8
Search+1 through Search+= Use F1 to F12
Alt+9 Go to the last window open
Ctrl+Tab Go to the next tab in the window
Ctrl+Shift+Tab Go to the previous tab in the window
Alt+Tab Go to the next window you have open
Alt+Shift+Tab Go to the previous window you have open
Click and hold the Back or Forward arrow in the browser toolbar See your browsing history for the tab
Backspace, or press Alt and the left arrow Go to previous page in your browsing history.
Shift+Backspace, or press Alt and the right arrow Go to the next page in your browsing history.
Press Ctrl and click a link Open the link in a new tab in the background
Press Ctrl+Shift and click a link Open the link in a new tab and switch to the newly opened tab
Press Shift and click a link Open the link in a new window
Drag a link to a tab Open the link in the tab
Drag a link to a blank area on the tab strip Open the link in a new tab
Type a URL in the address bar, then press Alt+Enter Open the URL in a new tab
Press Esc while dragging a tab Return the tab to its original position
Ctrl+Shift+L Locks your screen

Mozillas Firefox

Shortcut Action
Close Tab Ctrl + W
Ctrl + F4
Close Window Ctrl + Shift + W
Alt + F4
Move Tab in focus Left Ctrl + Shift + Page Up
Move Tab in focus Right Ctrl + Shift + Page Down
Move Tab in focus to start Ctrl + Home
Move Tab in focus to end Ctrl + End
New Tab Ctrl + T
New Window Ctrl + N
New Private Window Ctrl + Shift + P
Next Tab Ctrl + Tab
Ctrl + Page Down
Open Address in New Tab Alt + Enter
Previous Tab Ctrl + Shift + Tab
Ctrl + Page Up
Undo Close Tab Ctrl + Shift + T
Undo Close Window Ctrl + Shift + N
Select Tab 1 to 8 Ctrl + 1to8
Select Last Tab Ctrl + 9
Tab Groups View Ctrl + Shift + E
Close Tab Groups View Esc
Next Tab Group Ctrl + `
Previous Tab Group Ctrl + Shift + `


1. Manage Tabs and Windows
+T Open new tab
+Shift+Right Arrow/Left Arrow Jump to next / jump to previous tab
+W Close current tab
+Z Re-open closed tab (undo command)
+Option+w Close all tabs except active tab
+N Open New Safari Window
+M Minimize current Window
+H Hide all Safari Windows
+Shift+W Close Safari Window (current window, all tabs)
+`/+Shift+` Jump to next / jump to previous Safari Windows
+Q Close Safari (all windows, all tabs)
2. Safari Features and Bookmarks
Option++1 Show Top Sites
Option++2 Show Collections (history, bookmarks, …)
+D Bookmark Page
+Shift+N Open New Private Window (equivalent of Incognito mode in Google Chrome)
+19 Jump to bookmark #1, #2, … from Bookmark Bar
+Shift+L Show Sidebar (to display Bookmarks, Reading List, and Shared Links pane)

Internet Explorer

This is the worst browser ever, so just go ahead and install chrome 😉